STEM is education and related careers that focus on four areas of study: Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. STEM are in huge demand in the professional market today. Infact, every other career feeds off the innovation that originates from these fields.
The present and the future economies are largely dependent on STEM careers. As technology evolves and we become ever more reliant on the digital world around us, occupations within the STEM field are likely to replace many traditional professions.
In this post article, you will learn some of the highest-paying and most sought-after STEM careers.
15 Top Paying STEM Careers in the World
Below are the top 15 best STEM careers today.
Given that the discovery and extraction of natural oil resources is perhaps the most lucrative business enterprise in the world, it’s no surprise that petroleum engineering is on this list.
Experts in the physical and chemical behavior of water, oil and gas, petroleum engineers identify potential drilling sites, both on land and offshore. As such, their skills are in high demand with industry giants like Shell, ExxonMobil and Chevron, with their earning potential comfortably in the six-figure range in USD.
You will require a degree in petroleum engineering or in another relevant engineering discipline, provided you complete a relevant postgraduate qualification. There are also numerous industry certifications that can help your application.
Computer engineering is a common education for people who want to work as computer hardware engineers, which is one of the high-paying STEM careers available today. Hardware engineers create a wide variety of computer equipment and often test and analyze the hardware they have built. They may also be tasked with updating existing computer hardware or managing the manufacturing of new devices.
Mathematics is a great major for anyone interested in a STEM career and shows a proficiency for algebra, calculus, and other types of math. Mathematicians don’t just hammer out equations, they actually develop new ways of conducting math, which can be extremely useful for other STEM majors.
Once infamously dubbed as the ‘sexiest profession of the 21st Century’, there’s no denying that the availability and power of big data has changed the way that businesses work. This, in turn, has led to a huge increase in demand for skilled data scientists and analysts, who can crunch through the numbers and make effective use of the information within.
Most data scientists have a degree in mathematics or statistics, although this isn’t a prerequisite; there are many postgraduate qualifications available in data science. As they can be found in nearly any industry that produces data, some knowledge of your preferred sector could help you streamline your career path.
As one of the highest-paid roles in the IT industry, systems architecture is a very wise career to pursue. In most cases, systems architects act as a bridge between business and technology, designing, coordinating and implementing the architecture of entire IT systems to the specifications of their employer or client. The job requires not just a highly advanced knowledge of networks, structures and software, but also a strong sense of commercial awareness and the ability to lead time-sensitive projects. You’ll need a degree in a relevant IT subject, as well as specific industry certifications and, most likely, a project management qualification.
If you choose to study architecture, one of the most common STEM degrees for 2017, you will learn how to design the structures where people live, work, and play. Architecture takes into account scientific laws, but also includes artistic design, creating buildings and homes that are structurally-sound as well as visually pleasing.
Despite its reputation as an unglamorous profession, becoming an actuary is actually a highly lucrative and fascinating career move. Essentially combining the use of statistics and mathematical models to predict the consequences of risk, actuaries carry a lot of weight and responsibility in the financial world, especially in insurance, equity and pension practices.
Most actuaries have a degree background in mathematics or statistics, although it is possible at some institutions to study actuarial science as a standalone degree. Once graduated, there are entry programmes available at all the top banks and insurance providers.
No matter where in the world you choose to work, nursing has always – and will always – be a solid career choice. It’s also now increasingly professionalized, with registered nurses requiring a degree in place of the traditional vocational entry route. This means that nurses now have greater clinical responsibility, with the option to specialize and conduct research in a specific field.
All in all, becoming a nurse is a hugely challenging but rewarding move, requiring dedication, enthusiasm and a unique skillset, with the opportunity to truly make a difference in the lives of the people.
As with nursing, medicine is a failsafe career option within the STEM world. Doctors have the potential to earn the biggest pay of all in the healthcare field, especially if they choose to specialize in high-pressure fields such as surgery and emergency medicine.
Becoming a doctor isn’t easy, though; there’s fierce competition just to get into medical school, with candidates having to demonstrate a wide range of skills to even be considered by the top universities. Once in, you’ll have the chance to make a huge difference in people’s lives on a daily basis – and be very well paid in the process.
No matter what discipline of engineering you pursue, your skills will always be in demand; mechanical engineers are particularly sought after due to their flexibility and the wide range of environments in which they can work.
It’s possible to get into mechanical engineering through an apprenticeship, although many choose to attend a designated engineering school. You’ll spend most of your career working with moving parts, so an enthusiasm for how machines are built and operate is a must-have quality.
Software engineers are skilled programmers who design, build and maintain software applications based on the needs and requirements of their clients. They work on an enormous variety of projects across a wide array of industries, making them highly employable across the board. The best engineers go on to work for large tech companies, creating tools and apps that we use every day.
To become a software engineer, you will require a strong knowledge of programming languages, as well as the ability to approach problems logically and systematically. Most engineers possess a degree in computer science, although this isn’t always a requisite.
Students who are proficient in math, physics, and chemistry may be perfectly suited to a degree in aerospace engineering. During this education, students will use both field and class studies to understand the structures and science behind the most advanced spacecraft and airplanes. They will also learn how to develop new innovations, making them essential to the aerospace industry.
Electrical engineers work in a variety of industries, applying their expertise of electrical concepts to all kinds of problems. In recent years, this has increasingly been within the commercial sector, where products that feature electrical components – such as smartphones, laptops and, anything with a circuit – require the skills of a qualified engineer.
There is the chance to earn good money in this field, with a relevant degree usually enough to secure a job with a good company. There are also opportunities in other areas, such as systems control or energy delivery.
From sailboats to aircraft carriers, marine engineers and naval architects are responsible for the design and production of water crafts. They need a strong understanding of hydrodynamics, machinery, performance testing, and many other skills to create seaworthy vessels. From military to shipping to recreation, marine engineering students are the minds behind the boats.
Health & Safety Engineering
By combining health and safety practices with engineering practices, health and safety majors learn how to create systems that keep people from injury and sickness. With a degree in health and safety engineering, you will know how to evaluate equipment, identify potential job hazards, and check mechanical controls.
In summary, there are a lot of lucrative opportunities in STEM. And moving forward, it’s almost inevitable that new jobs will be created as well – jobs that we can’t even envision yet. In the meantime, these occupations are a great place to start.
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